The Poll Tax, Part 2: The Peasants’ Revolt is sparked

A continuation of The Poll Tax, Part 1: The Cupboard is Bare.

By the Parliament of 1380, the Commons were up against the wall. The government under the new Chancellor Sudbury was desperate for money. In France, the earl of Buckingham had squandered the money raised from the last Poll Tax; the army was a half year in arrears; Gaunt needed money in Scotland; the coast needed to be protected against invasion; and the wool subsidy was not producing any funds because of a riot in Flanders. They needed £160,000 to make ends meet, including—unknown to the Commons—about £60,000 for Gaunt’s proposed Castile campaign. Impossible! After much discussion, the commons agreed to grant £100,000 if the rest was raised by the clergy, and it was decided a third poll tax would be put in place.

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The Poll Tax, Part One: The Cupboard is Bare

 

Although the poll tax was said to have been used all the back to ancient times, it’s most widely remembered in relation to the Peasants’ Revolt of 1381. According to Wikipedia: “The word ‘poll’ is an archaic term for ‘head’ or ‘top of the head’. The sense of ‘counting heads’ is found in phrases like polling place and opinion poll.” Well, that answers my question as to whether our current use of the word relates to its original use. Apparently so. But how did it set off the greatest rebellion of the middle ages and nearly bring down the monarchy?

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Secrets of the Castle

Historian Ruth Goodman and archaeologists Peter Ginn and Tom PinfoldHistorian Ruth Goodman and archaeologists Peter Ginn and Tom PinfoldHistorian Ruth Goodman and archaeologists Peter Ginn and Tom Pinfold travel to France to discover the secrets of Castle building that shaped the history of England under the Normans.  A new episode will be posted every day.

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Secrets of the Castle

Historian Ruth Goodman and archaeologists Peter Ginn and Tom PinfoldHistorian Ruth Goodman and archaeologists Peter Ginn and Tom PinfoldHistorian Ruth Goodman and archaeologists Peter Ginn and Tom Pinfold travel to France to discover the secrets of Castle building that shaped the history of England under the Normans.  A new episode will be posted every day.

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Secrets of the Castle

Historian Ruth Goodman and archaeologists Peter Ginn and Tom PinfoldHistorian Ruth Goodman and archaeologists Peter Ginn and Tom PinfoldHistorian Ruth Goodman and archaeologists Peter Ginn and Tom Pinfold travel to France to discover the secrets of Castle building that shaped the history of England under the Normans.  A new episode will be posted every day.

Posted in Education, Uncategorized, Video | Tagged , , , , | Leave a comment

Secrets of the Castle

Historian Ruth Goodman and archaeologists Peter Ginn and Tom PinfoldHistorian Ruth Goodman and archaeologists Peter Ginn and Tom PinfoldHistorian Ruth Goodman and archaeologists Peter Ginn and Tom Pinfold travel to France to discover the secrets of Castle building that shaped the history of England under the Normans.  A new episode will be posted every day.

Posted in Education, Uncategorized, Video | Tagged , , , , | Leave a comment

Secrets of the Castle

Historian Ruth Goodman and archaeologists Peter Ginn and Tom PinfoldHistorian Ruth Goodman and archaeologists Peter Ginn and Tom PinfoldHistorian Ruth Goodman and archaeologists Peter Ginn and Tom Pinfold travel to France to discover the secrets of Castle building that shaped the history of England under the Normans.  A new episode will be posted every day.

 

Posted in Education, Uncategorized, Video | Tagged , , , , | Leave a comment