A matter of trust: the royal regulation of England’s French residents during wartime, 1294–1377

English channel depicted in a medieval map – British Library MS Harley 3686 f. 20

Abstract: This study focuses on how the English crown identified and categorized French-born people in the kingdom during the preliminaries and first stage of the Hundred Years War. Unlike the treatment of alien priories and nobles holding lands on both sides of the Channel, the attitude to laypeople became more positive as the period progressed. In particular, the crown was prepared to grant wartime protections to French-born residents based on evidence of local integration. Analysis of the process reveals the flexibility with which the government considered national status before the emergence of denization at the end of the fourteenth century.

By Bart Lambert and W. Mark Ormrod

FEBRUARY 4, 2017 BY 

Historical Research, Vol. 89:244 (2016)

Introduction: During the last quarter of the fourteenth century the English royal chancery introduced a legal process, known to historians as denization, by which trustworthy aliens resident within the realm could become the sworn lieges of the king of England. Denization was quickly offered to a wide range of high- and relatively high-status individuals – artisans, merchants, clergy, knights and nobles – from many different parts of Europe and was available, without apparent distinction, to those whose former rulers might at the time be allies or enemies of the English monarch.

In a recent study, the present authors have demonstrated that the crown’s actions against French people resident in England after 1377 inspired it to develop the distinctive process of denization as a solution to the perceived problem of security risks from hostile foreigners in times of war. Even though denization rapidly developed into a set of rights applied to a wide range of foreigners, then, the primum mobile of change was the endemic state of war that existed between England and France in the later middle ages.

Click here to read this article from the University of York

Click here to read this article from Wiley Publishing




This entry was posted in Hundred Years' War, Uncategorized and tagged , , , , . Bookmark the permalink.

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out /  Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )


Connecting to %s